Why Australia should be Federated? Another continent conquered by the Brits?
The idea, however, lacked popularity and was consequently abandoned. At that time, the colonies were more concerned with putting the interests of their own people first and the technology to ensure communication between the colonies had not yet been developed.
It was not until the s, that people began to give serious consideration to the possible advantages of uniting the colonies under a federal government which could make uniform laws.
Defence and foreign policy One of the key reasons for Federation was to achieve a united defence force which could better protect Australia. Around the s, the Australian colonies had become increasingly concerned over the close proximity of foreign powers.
A Russian presence in the Pacific, Germany occupying parts of New Guinea and France having colonised New Caledonia, left the colonies in fear that attempts may be made to invade Australia.
At this time, each of the colonies had their own separate defence forces army and navy which were without any overarching structure to unite them if a part of the country was under threat. Initially, the colonial navies operated one or two warships. It was soon realised, however, that they did not have the size or the strength to protect the vast Australian coastline and so the colonies employed the services of the British Navy to patrol Australian waters.
The colonial armies were just as vulnerable to attack.
Bevan Edwards, indicated that the colonies did not possess enough men, arms or even ammunition to provide adequate defence. There were also suggestions that a unified nation would be better equipped to deal with matters of foreign policy.
This notion was particularly reinforced when Germany claimed ownership of New Guinea. Many people in Australia believed that New Guinea should have, and could have, belonged to them if the six colonies had been able to unify to annex it themselves. Immigration Aside from a fear of coming under foreign attack, concern over being invaded by non-white immigrants was another major factor which encouraged people to support Federation.
Despite the fact that several colonies already had implemented laws which restricted immigrants from certain countries, all of the colonies were keen to strengthen their immigration policies by uniting to keep non-whites out of Australia.
At that time, there were particular prejudices against the Chinese and Pacific Islanders. The Chinese immigrated in large numbers during the gold rush period which began in the s.
People believed that these foreign workers took jobs away from them and caused their wages and working conditions to be lowered since the foreigners accepted substandard arrangements. See image 1 Transport, trade and taxes A significant argument in favour of Federation was the need for a uniform rail system.
Despite developments in the railway system which allowed even many remote areas to be reached by rail by the late s, progress was ultimately restricted by each colony having a different rail gauge width of the track. When the rail system in each colony was being built, the colonies were operating independently of one another.
Connecting the tracks between them was not considered and therefore never discussed.Under the new constitution, not only the Kanakas, but also the much-feared Chinese, who came to Australia during the gold rush, would not be allowed into Australia. Thus Federation would eliminate unwanted foreigners, providing more employment for Australians.
The first recorded suggestion that Australia should become a Federation was in /5(17). Mar 04, · Best Answer: Below are the arguments which were used by opponents of Federation prior to Arguments against Federation Other organisations formed to argue against federation.
They felt that it would be expensive to set up and that the new central parliament would also be costly to run, which would make taxes ashio-midori.com: Resolved.
Many people in Australia believed that New Guinea should have, and could have, belonged to them if the six colonies had been able to unify to annex it themselves. Immigration.
Aside from a fear of coming under foreign attack, concern over being invaded by non-white immigrants was another major factor which encouraged people to support Federation.
Immigration, transport and our economic are issues that will be addressed once Australia is federated.
We will overcome these obstacles, work together as one nation, not as separate colonies. We will be common, not foreigners. Today Australia is one country, or nation, which is divided into six separate states and two territories.
Whilst Australia's official head of state is the British monarch, Australia now has its own parliaments and is basically an independent nation.
This has only been the case since Federation in Australia should be one nation and it will be very good for all colonies and better for every one's future. Haris says: 13 Mar at PM.