Guide to Essay Writing One of the most important skills you will learn and develop during your university years is writing, in particular essay writing. It is important to realise that this is a skill which has to be learnt and practised, and that therefore you should apply yourselves from the very beginning, as you will be writing essays for which you will be graded from the early weeks to the very end of your degree programme.
The chapter looked at the research design adopted, research instruments used, the population, the sample, the sampling technique, data collection procedures and data analysis. Essay conclusion methods chapter ended with a summary.
There are some people who feel at ease when responding to a questionnaire than being involved in an interview. According to Ary et al ; a questionnaire guarantees confidentiality thus perhaps eliciting more truthful responses than would be obtained in an interview.
Another advantage is that the tabulation of closed ended responses is an easy and straight forward process.
A questionnaire is time saving since one obtains data from relatively large samples covering a wide geographical area.
The researcher would also easily translate her objectives into specific questions. According to Fowler a low response rate reduces the sample size and may bias the results of the study.
Ary et al ; observes that in questionnaires personal contact is missing and people are more likely to refuse to cooperate. The illiterate people are left out in a questionnaire hence this reduces the size and diversity of the sample.
Ary et al argued that in a questionnaire respondents may misinterpret the question and in some cases the items may not have the same meaning to all respondents. This scenario is worsened by the fact that there is no room for probing and clarifications for additional details.
According to Ary etal a questionnaire is inadequate in understanding emotions and it is difficult to tell how truthful a respondent is. Good questions are hard to write and they take considerable time to develop. The interviewer used face to face interviews.
Mahlase says, an interview refers to a situation in which answers are directly drawn out from the respondents by an interview and usually records responses. The researcher used structured interview guide. The interview enabled the researcher to gather comparable data in surrounding secondary schools under study.
There is room for clarification since questions can be repeated or their meanings explained. The interviewer can also press for relevant additional information when a response seems incomplete or not entirely relevant.
In an interview the interviewer has control over the order in which the questions are considered since in some cases it is important for the respondents not to know the nature of later questions because their responses to earlier questions may influence earlier responses.
Interviews supply large volumes of in depth data in a short space of time. They may say want they think the interviewer wants to hear. The interviews are prone to interviewer bias since the interviewer may reward, correct or encourage responses that fit his or her expectations Ary et al through verbal and nonverbal cues.
In an interview there is no anonymity hence the respondents might fail to cooperate fully for fear of victimization.
An interview may seem intrusive to the respondent. It carefully specifies beforehand the categories of behaviors or events under study and under what circumstances they should be assigned to those categories.
Observations are then fragmented or coded into more managerial pieces of information which are later aggregated into usable quantifiable data. Certain phenomenon can be accessed and properly understood only through observation ,for example interaction can be meaningfully assessed and understood only through observation.
Croll observes that ,the presents of the researcher may influence the phenomenon itself. In other words those people under study may change their activities in the presence of the researcher. At times the researcher has to wait until the appropriate event takes place ,hence the exercise will be time consuming and labor intensive.
However the researcher choose this method so that she gets certain behaviors in their natural state.This essay discusses teaching methods. Teaching is a career which many people opt for. Teaching is a career which many people opt for.
It is a way through which teachers are able to impart their knowledge and information from text books into students which they can hopefully make use of. Essay Structure Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument.
Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing giving the author’s own argument, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story.
Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing giving the author’s own argument, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. Published: Mon, 08 May Methods of Research.
The correct choice of research methods to use in answering researcher set questions investigating a topic is one of the most crucial and vital elements to the successful conduct of . - Effective Teaching Techniques Taking notes, creating presentations, doing worksheets, group activities, writing essays, and even taking tests are all methods of learning.
These methods all do the same thing, but require the student .