After revisions and expansions from the s to the s, the IPA remained primarily unchanged until the Kiel Convention in A minor revision took place in with the addition of four letters for mid central vowels  and the removal of letters for voiceless implosives. The IPA does not usually have separate letters for two sounds if no known language makes a distinction between them, a property known as "selectiveness". Some letters are neither:
Conversation practice you can do alone: Or, to rephrase the question, are you using the internet to study at the moment? We think studying kanji and vocabulary online is a really effective way of doing things. So, how about conversation practice? Can you imagine having a conversation on your own, using the internet?
Picture yourself facing the monitor - just you - chatting away, as if to no-one in particular. I feel a bit embarrassed It's nothing to be embarrassed about! In fact, it's a pretty admirable effort, don't you think? If you're the kind of person who can read and write Japanese fine by yourself, but you don't have any opportunities to speak, you can't find a native speaker to help you, and you lack confidence in your ability, then try practising using this site: Lang Media Introduction article.
We'll show you an example of some conversation practice you can do on your own using this website. As well as the conversations found here, there is also some cultural information for you to look through. Click on a topic in which you're interested.
Then check out the Japanese-English script, get to know the words and grammar used to understand the contents of the conversation. Choose 'Greetings and Partings' from the "Basic Communication" section.
Here, you'll find scenes that look at "Greeting a Friend" and "Introducing a Friend", both in an informal setting. There is no Ruby furigana for the Japanese script, so if you aim to understand the meaning in English and try to catch what is said in order to write down the readings of the kanji, you'll find that the conversation makes for good listening comprehension practice.
Watch the video and check the contents. If you don't understand something, or don't catch some words, you can listen as many times as you like whilst reading the script.
Choose one of the characters, then step into the role of that person to practise speaking. You can look at the script as you practise.
Now try without the script. This time, why not try switching off the sound on your PC, then matching your speech with what's happening on the screen. Try having a similar conversation in a practical situation. There are a selection of additional expressions for you to use too.
You can learn these along with spoken audio. Try watching the video with no script.
Write down any words or phrases you don't understand. Look at the script and check your understanding of the content you heard first time around. Watch the video again, this time writing down the lines you hear spoken. Turn the sound off on the video, then say the lines along to match the video on-screen.
Lastly, try more conversation practice in a similar style.
That's a pretty good start! I might just try it!Welcome to the online home of. The Interviews: An Oral History of Television! We record in-depth video conversations with key figures in television, both in front of and behind the camera.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association in the late 19th century as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.
. English bites is another video archive plenty of clips featuring daily life stories with a written script to follow the oral discourse.
Blog with a variety of graded podcasts. Short stories and radio programmes, perhaps too difficult for primary students. American Crime PILOT Script Pink PDF: Bessie - White Shooting Script FINAL: PDF: Hello Ladies Blue Shooting Draft EMMY: PDF: Olive Kitteridge Script.
ENGLISH ORAL SCRIPT. Names: Florence Chan Yin Ning & Jessica Yap Yi May FLO representing Florence. JESS representing Jessica.
The setting is at a Chinese restaurant with Florence acting as a customer and Jessica acting as a waitress.5/5(4). stories through oral, written and performative means. c) understand how English works in short stories and apply this understanding to their learning and use of the language.