If an entry does not have a byline, begin the reference with the entry title and publication date.
Here is a sample paraphrase: From Ron Bachman, "Reaching for the Sky. While the Sears Tower is arguably the greatest achievement in skyscraper engineering so far, it's unlikely that architects and engineers have abandoned the quest for the world's tallest building.
Just how high can a building go? Structural engineer William LeMessurier has designed a skyscraper nearly one-half mile high, twice as tall as the Sears Tower. And architect Robert Sobel claims that existing technology could produce a story building.
How much higher skyscrapers of the future will rise than worlds tallest building, the Sears Tower, is unknown. The design of one twice as tall is already on the boards, and an architect, Robert Sobel, thinks we currently have sufficient know-how to build a skyscraper with over stories Bachman The writer never uses the exact words of the author therefore there is no need to use quotation marks.
The writer summarizes, uses his or her own words and then cites the source at the end.
Sometimes a paraphrase will be large and must be broken up. A good rule of thumb is to break up a paragraph that is completely paraphrased into two or three citations. The writer has given credit to the author and thus has avoided plagiarism.
Now the author would just continue writing after double spacing. Your paper will more or less be paraphrase after paraphrase linked together by your own words and analysis.
You need to introduce, analyze and put into context the paraphrases you use. This is the nature of the research paper, after all, you are not the expert, they are.
If you cite from the same author in the very next citation you do not have to put the authors last name in the in line citation, just the page number.
As a matter of fact the architect William LeMessurier claims he designed a skyscraper that is over a half a mile tall Citing a Direct Quote Citing a direct quote uses the same form as citing a paraphrase. The differences is that you are using someone else's words directly.
Here is a sample direct quote: From "Captain Cousteau," Audubon May The full guide has two sections. In the first part we show you how to cite a reference in the text of your assignment, in the second part we have included instructions for each of the main source types such as books or web pages.
Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper.
Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide. Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research.
A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in.
This guide includes instructional pages on reference list entries in APA style. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
Citefast is a FREE APA, MLA and Chicago citation generator. Generate references, bibliographies, in-text citations and title pages quickly and accurately. Used by students and professionals.