Socrates defense essay

Socrates is revered for his shifting of Greek philosophical thought from the contemplation of the nature of the universe, which occupied the philosophers before him, to the examination of human life and its problems. He was the first to study ethics as a science—that is, to study morality in a systematic, consistent manner.

Socrates defense essay

Socratic method Perhaps his most important contribution to Western thought is his dialectic method of inquiry, known as the Socratic method or method of "elenchus", which he largely applied to the examination of key moral concepts such as the Good and Justice.

It was first described by Plato in the Socratic Dialogues. To solve a problem, it would be broken down into a series of questions, the answers to which gradually distill the answer a person would seek.

The development and practice of this method is one of Socrates's most enduring contributions, and is a key factor in earning his mantle as the father of political philosophyethics or moral philosophy, and as a figurehead of all the central themes in Western philosophy.

The Socratic method has often been considered as a defining element of American legal education. The Socratic method is a negative method of hypothesis elimination, in that better hypotheses are found by steadily identifying and eliminating those that lead to contradictions.

It was designed to force one to examine one's own beliefs and the validity of such beliefs.

Socrates defense essay

An alternative interpretation of the dialectic is that it is a method for direct perception of the Form of the Good. Philosopher Karl Popper describes the dialectic as "the art of intellectual intuition, of visualising the divine originals, the Forms or Ideas, of unveiling the Great Mystery behind the common man's everyday world of appearances.

Hadot writes that "in Plato's view, every dialectical exercise, precisely because it is an exercise of pure thought, subject to the demands of the Logosturns the soul away from the sensible world, and allows it to convert itself towards the Good. Little in the way of concrete evidence exists to demarcate the two.

Plato's Apology Socrates, Discipline: Philosophy, Type: Essay - Hopkins1, ID -

The lengthy presentation of ideas given in most of the dialogues may be the ideas of Socrates himself, but which have been subsequently deformed or changed by Plato, and some scholars think Plato so adapted the Socratic style as to make the literary character and the philosopher himself impossible to distinguish.

Others argue that he did have his own theories and beliefs. Consequently, distinguishing the philosophical beliefs of Socrates from those of Plato and Xenophon has not proven easy, so it must be remembered that what is attributed to Socrates might actually be more the specific concerns of these two thinkers instead.

The matter is complicated because the historical Socrates seems to have been notorious for asking questions but not answering, claiming to lack wisdom concerning the subjects about which he questioned others. When he is on trial for heresy and corrupting the minds of the youth of Athens, he uses his method of elenchos to demonstrate to the jurors that their moral values are wrong-headed.

He tells them they are concerned with their families, careers, and political responsibilities when they ought to be worried about the "welfare of their souls". Socrates's assertion that the gods had singled him out as a divine emissary seemed to provoke irritation, if not outright ridicule.

Socrates also questioned the Sophistic doctrine that arete virtue can be taught. He liked to observe that successful fathers such as the prominent military general Pericles did not produce sons of their own quality. Socrates argued that moral excellence was more a matter of divine bequest than parental nurture.

This belief may have contributed to his lack of anxiety about the future of his own sons. Also, according to A. Long, "There should be no doubt that, despite his claim to know only that he knew nothing, Socrates had strong beliefs about the divine", and, citing Xenophon's Memorabilia, 1.

According to Xenophon, he was a teleologist who held that god arranges everything for the best. He mentions several influences: Prodicus the rhetor and Anaxagoras the philosopher. Perhaps surprisingly, Socrates claims to have been deeply influenced by two women besides his mother: Plato's Symposiuma witch and priestess from Mantineataught him all he knows about erosor love ; and that Aspasiathe mistress of Periclestaught him the art of rhetoric.Cite This Post.

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Ultius, Inc. "Essay on the Execution of Socrates.". It takes the form of Socrates’ defense against the accusations of his enemies, and is the epitome of logical argument Download full paper File ashio-midori.com, available for editing Polish This Essay GRAB THE BEST PAPER % of users find it useful.

The Defense of Socrates begins with Socrates stating he does not know if his fellow Athenians, his jury, have been persuaded by his accusers.

Socrates defense in the apology essay

This is a crucial statement because Socrates explains how of the many false claims that his accusers have made, one particularly can be proven as untrue.

Apology, in greek, means ‘to give defense’ (###).

Socrates defense essay

In Plato’s Apology, Socrates is blamed for numerous acts and elegantly defends himself in front of the court. To start off, he was first accused of studying astrology and demonology and passing his knowledge and beliefs to other people.

We will write a custom essay sample on Plato. This paper investigates Socrates’ intention in his defense speech against the first accusers in Plato’s Apology. As a defender, Socrates is supposed to argue for his acquittal.

However, his opening defense against the first accusations that he engages in natural philosophy and rhetoric does not seem to aid him in this respect. - The Defense of Socrates begins with Socrates stating he does not know if his fellow Athenians, his jury, have been persuaded by his accusers.

This is a crucial statement because Socrates explains how of the many false claims that his accusers have made, one particularly can be proven as untrue.

“A Rhetorical Analysis of Socrates Defense” | ianhill92